From March to July, 141 municipalities in the country invested 185,806,041 bolivianos ($26.5 mn) in emergency care for Covid-19 through 1,357 awards. On June 29, the Government enacted Law 1307, which instructs the return to sub-national governments and universities of up to $200 million of the Direct Tax on Hydrocarbons (IDH), taken from them since 2015. Municipalities' budget execution complied by 60%, they want to make purchases, but cannot do so because of the scarcity of inputs, especially in medicines, reagents and tests.
Confronting the pandemic by the new coronavirus and the imposed health measures and the crisis had a fiscal, monetary and financial cost until July of some six trillion dollars, equivalent to 15% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). With the latest measures, such as the Employment Plan, this effort will increase further. This cost includes social bonds, subsidization of essential services, deferment of credits, tax relief, injection of resources from the Central Bank of Bolivia (BCB) and others.
In the country there are around 872,000 Agricultural Production Units (Upas), of which 92% (725,000 UPAs) correspond to family agriculture producers, involving more than 3 million people, in the entire production chain; 7% are medium-sized producers; and 1% are large producers, with 25,000 families that are mostly soy producers.
Between January and July, Bolivia's foreign sales totalled $3.713 billion, 26% less than the same period in 2019. In terms of volume, exports fell by 6%. The textile apparel sector was the most affected, with a 71% drop in value and 70% in volume. Other affected items were minerals with a decline in sales of 38%, leather in 36%, jewellery in 27%, and chestnuts in 25%.
The government relaunched the 'green fuels' program to reactivate the sugar sector and generate 10,000 jobs. It foresees the purchase of 200 million litres of ethanol. Industrialists are betting on new investments, the Plan for the Economic Reactivation of the Agro-Industrial Sector, vindicated the investment commitment of at least $150 million and the aspiration, both of sugarcane growers and industrialists, to recover the capital injected in the framework of Bolivia's incursion into the era and production of green fuels.